By far the best known Yantra is the Sree Yantra
or Sree Chakra which is symbolic representation of Sree one of the many
forms of the female divine. This is supposed to be the most sacred
symbol of Sree Vidya tradition.
This yantra is composed of 5 equilateral triangles of progressively
larger size representing female or Power (Sakti) aspect of the divine
and 4 equilateral triangles also progressively larger size representing
the male or conscious aspect or Siva.
Most commonly Sakti triangles point downward and Siva triangles point
upward. Intersection of these 9 triangles is called Yonis and creates 43
small triangles. This complex figure is enclosed by the square design of
Bhoopura made of 3 paralel lines and also is often surrounded by 3
concentric circles called Trivruta.
First circle stands for 29 matrukas or mother deities. Second circle
represents another 16 matrukas, 3rd circle symbolises 16 external beings
called Nityas (who are related to the 15 tidhees,16th signifying
completion and lunar ambrosia).
Next comes a 16 petalled lotus each of whose petals accommodates one of
the kala deities. This is followed by a 8 petalled lotus each of whose
petals contains one of eight deities.
The 43 interlaced form a 14 corner structure and the 14 corners also
house one deity each. In fact each of the triangle is the dwelling place
of a deity. The central point BINDU, also called Sarvaanandamaya
Chakra,represents goddess Tripura Sundari herself to whom the yantra as
a whole is dedicated.
Various parts of this yantra are said to corrspond to various parts of
human body. The 3 lines composing the outer square correspond to
feet,knees and thighs,16 petalled lotus to the lower half of the trunk,8
petalled lotus to the navel and the various triangles to different parts
of upper body particularly the head.The central point is corelated to
the 1000 petalled lotus at the crown of the head which contains the
opening to divine dimension.
In this way SREE CHAKRA is a geometric representation of the cosmic